Spotlight on Back pain in children

In this article, Dr. Stephen Nelson and NP Brittani Wild of Tulane University School of Medicine explore current concepts related to back pain in the pediatric population. The authors highlight the multifactorial nature of back pain in children and adolescents, with a systematic discussion on the history, varied clinical manifestations, pathophysiology, prognoses, treatments, and diagnostic modalities for each of the etiologies. Additionally, the authors address prenatal trunk development, cutting edge genetic research, and updated epidemiological data.

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Spotlight on Lumbar disc disease

Lumbar disc disease may represent either an important cause of pain and dysfunction or an entirely incidental neuroimaging finding without any associated symptoms. Symptoms can range from low back pain to locally referred pain in the buttocks or hips, radicular pain in the legs (with or without leg weakness or numbness), or a cauda equina syndrome. The clinical onset is usually spontaneous, without any apparent precipitant. Onset can also be associated with heavy lifting, trauma, running, coughing, or sneezing.

In this article, Dr. Ravindra Kumar Garg of King George’s Medical University in Lucknow, India discusses these controversies and reviews the latest information on epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnostic studies, and management.

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Spotlight on Back pain

Back pain remains an evolving and controversial topic in modern medicine and a multidisciplinary field that involves specialists in neurology, neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, rheumatology, physiatry, and occupational medicine. In this clinical summary, Dr. Polin of George Washington University discusses new operative strategies purported to address sacroiliac joint pain.

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