In this article, Dr. Rebekah Jakel of Duke University reviews the role of sleep symptomatology in psychiatric disorders and sleep conditions that are associated with psychiatric disorders, including affective, anxiety, and psychotic disorders. Sleep disturbances are common in individuals who are experiencing psychiatric illness and are included in the diagnostic criteria of many of the affective and anxiety disorders. Sleep symptoms may hinder response to treatment and frequently persist after treatment of psychiatric conditions, increasing the risk of relapse. Thus, clinical attention to sleep disturbances during acute and maintenance treatment of psychiatric conditions is important.
The author discusses general treatments for the management of sleep disturbances experienced in the context of psychiatric illness, including cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia and its effects on insomnia comorbid with psychiatric conditions.
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